IN THIS WEEK'S VIDEO AGRICULTURE NEWS, YOU WILL MEET FIND OUT MORE ABOUT JUST ONE OF A DOZEN PACKING PLANTS
LOCATED IN YUMA COUNTY, ARIZONA SINCE THIS INTERVIEW, THE PACKING PLANT CALLED NEW STAR HAS MOVED TO
LARGER QUARTERS IN YUMA COUNTY.
Video From the Field with NAFB Farm Broadcaster George Gatley
MONDAY, OCTOBER 27, 2014
One of the great engineering achievements of New York City began operation on this date 110 years ago. The city's famous subway
system was inaugurated amid speeches, bands, a ribbon cutting, and throngs of riders. The original line was just over nine miles
long and connected City Hall to West 145th Street. Today, the system has 230 miles of routes. Each weekday, nearly 5.5 million
people ride the subway. Among large cities of the world, the New York system is the only one to run 24 hours a day all year long.
Across the U.S., 5 percent of workers use public transportation -- including subways -- to get to their jobs. More than three-
quarters of us drive to work alone. About 10 percent ride in car pools. Profile America is in its17th year as a public service of the
U.S. Census Bureau.
“U.S. Agriculture Senators Asking for Withdrawal of WOTUS"
Senate Ag Committee members requested withdrawal of part of the Environmental Protection Agencies Water of the U.S. proposal
last week. In a letter to the EPA, the senators on the Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee asked the EPA and U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers to withdraw the agriculture interpretive rule of WOTUS. The Senators argued the proposal could fundamentally
alter interaction between farmers and the federal government. In their letter, the senators say the Interpretive Rule should be
withdrawn because farming, ranching and rural constituencies had little opportunity to have input on the new rule. The letter
stated that farmers and ranchers were deeply concerned the rule “has created great confusion about what agriculture activities
are exempt from regulation under the Clean Water Act.” The part of rule at question would bring USDA into the permitting process.
The agriculture Interpretive Rule outlines just 56 activities out of more than 160 conservation practices that previously qualified
for the normal farming and ranching exemption, according to the Senators.
Signers of the letter included Agriculture Committee Ranking Member Thad Cochran (R-Miss.), Republican Leader Mitch McConnell
(R-Ky.), Pat Roberts (R-Kan.), John Boozman (R-Ark.), John Hoeven (R-N.D.), Mike Johanns (R-Neb.), Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa),John
Thune (R-S.D.), and Senator Saxby Chambliss (R-Ga.) The letter was addressed to EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy, Army
Secretary John McHugh and Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack.
USDA FORECASTS LESS FOOD PRICE INFLATION NEXT YEAR
How will food prices behave next year? The Agriculture Department has just put out its new forecast
Please click on one of the links above to listen to this audio report
“Voting Open for Faces of Farming and Ranching”
Voting is open for the U.S. Farmers and Ranchers Alliance Faces of Farming contestants. Now through November second, people
can vote online for the finalist you believe best exemplifies agriculture. The votes will be factored into the final decision to
determine the next Faces of Farming and Ranching. The winner will be announced at next month’s National Association of Farm
Broadcasting Convention in Kansas City, Missouri. You can vote online by heading to USFRA’s Facebook page and clicking on the
vote now tab. Or find a link at food dialogues dot com (www.fooddialogues.com)
The finals include Erin Brenneman of Iowa, Jay Hill of New Mexico, Carrie Mess of Wiconsin, Thomas Titus of Illinois, Darrel Glaser
of Texas, Brian Jones of Texas, Jessica Potter of Colorado and Carla Wardin of Michigan.
(Click here to view The Produce News)
USING LIVESTOCK RISK PROTECTION TO PROTECT YOURSELF
An insurance product available to livestock producers can help them establish a price floor.
lease click on one of the links above to listen to this audio report
Recertification and Training Course
Main # 928-344-7909
Wednesday, November 19, 2014
Booth Machinery, Inc.
6565 E. 30th St.
Wednesday, December 3, 2014
“Salmonella Cases Linked to Frozen Chicken Entrees”
Officials in Minnesota say six recent salmonellosis cases in the state are linked to frozen chicken products. Health and agriculture
officials have linked the cases to raw, frozen breaded and pre-browned stuffed chicken entrees. Meatingplace reports the
implicated product is Antioch Farms brand A La Kiev raw stuffed chicken. The product is sold at many grocery store chains.
Investigators from the state’s Health Department and Agriculture Department determined six cases of salmonella infection in
August and September were due to the same strain. One person was hospitalized from the illness. Minnesota has About 700 cases
of salmonellosis reported each year.
Milk Producers Council News
FOOD SAFETY SHOULD BE PART OF EMERGENCY FOOD KIT
Food safety rules still apply when it comes to preparing and consuming food in a long term emergency, such as a power outage.
Please right click on one of the links above to listen to the audio
“USDA Announces Rural Business and Cooperatives Funding”
USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack has announced funding to strengthen rural businesses and cooperatives and to boost economic
development. Vilsack announced 43 organizations were selected in 27 states for grants and loans. The announcement Friday
culminated a week in which the department has been highlighting products that are Made in Rural America. The funding is being
provided through the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Rural Cooperative Development Grant program and the Intermediary
Relending Program Vilsack stated the funding “will provide the critical training and technical assistance rural cooperatives and
non-profit groups need to enhance the work they are doing to strengthen America's Main Street businesses." Under the
announcement, $5.8 million of grants were awarded and more than $7 million loans. Funding is contingent upon the recipient
meeting the terms of the loan or grant agreement.
The grant recipients include several who are developing new opportunities for rural farmers and ranchers by capitalizing on the
fast-growing market for locally produced food. Since fiscal year 2009, USDA has awarded 281 IRP loans for approximately $140
million. These loans have helped more than 4,700 businesses. Find a list of recipients and the announcement on USDA’s Rural
Development homepage—rur dev dot usda dot gov. (http://www.rurdev.usda.gov)
HOW TO GET YOUR KIDS TO EAT LESS CANDY, COOKIES AND CHIPS.
Want to cut down on your child's consumption of so called "junk food" without causing a kid's revolt? Here are a couple of tips
Please click on one of the links above to hear the audio
NATIONAL AGRICULTURE AUDIO NEWS
Many areas of Brazil are dry to the point that farmers there have delayed planting soybeans. Right now farmers in Brazil are
waiting to put in the soybean crop. It’s been too dry to start the planting season says University of Illinois alum, agricultural
economist, and Storm Weather meteorologist Mike Tannura…
Right Click to Download MP3 File
Brazilian farmers must wait for rain to fall, replenishing dry soils, before they start sowing the soybean crop
Right Click to Download MP3 File
Behind, but it doesn't mean the crop won’t get planted. The fact is it will. However, Brazilian farmers enjoy a very long growing
season and more often than not will plant a second full season crop after the first one is harvested. The second, or safrina, crop is
the planting in jeopardy
Right Click to Download MP3 File
No doubt dogging the commodity markets, the price of corn, all the way into next summer as concerns ebb and flow about the size
of the second crop corn harvest in Brazil
Editorial from the American Farm Bureau Federation
With America’s pastime in center field this week, let’s consider how strategies driving baseball resemble new technologies in
agriculture. Matthew Erickson explains
Right Click to Download MP3 File
AG Web News
CATTLE FEEDLOT INVENTORIES CONTINUE DOWN
The latest USDA report on cattle feedlot numbers shows continued shrinkage in cattle supplies.
Please right click on one of the links above to listen to the audio report
DROVER'S CATTLE NETWORK
A big fat review
Eating meat – let’s see – it causes cancer, heart disease and chronic obesity and maybe a third eye, purple hair and an extra limb
or two. Isn’t that what most “experts” say? FULL STORY »
AG Web CATTLE
Regional Beef News
RESEARCH in AGRICULTURE
Materials engineer Chris Delhom (left) and technician E.J. Deshotel examine miniature spinning equipment that is part of ARSā€™ new ā€œreimaginedā€� cotton production pilot plant, which can now handle as little as 1-2 ounce cotton samples.
Assessing Cotton Fiber Quality from a Tiny Sample
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) pilot plant for studying cotton textiles located at the Southern Regional Research Center (SRRC) in New Orleans, Louisiana, has been upgraded. Materials engineer Christopher Delhom has successfully “reimagined” some of the pilot plant’s cotton processing equipment. He outfitted model cotton-spinning equipment to be able to spin as little as 30-60 grams (1-2 ounces) of cotton fibers grown from selected experimental seeds. The equipment is capable of taking a very small fiber sample grown from test seeds and processing those fibers all the way through the milling process into yarn and fabrics.
The SRRC is part of the Agricultural Research Service (ARS)—the chief intramural scientific research agency of USDA.
The tiny batch of fibers can be quickly tested to gauge the new varieties’ fiber performance and viability for use on standard equipment and in textiles. Delhom and James Rodgers, who heads the ARS Cotton Structure and Quality Research Unit at SRRC, note that the pilot plant’s new miniature processing equipment accomplishes in 2 weeks what would take months to test on a full-scale industrial fleet of textile machinery. In the past, this kind of testing took place at a pace of less than 200 samples per year, using samples weighing from 25 to 150 pounds each.
Cotton grows and performs differently based on region and seed genetics. Large-scale processing equipment is customized to accommodate regional features. But, a small change in seed breed can greatly affect cotton fiber quality during processing and through to finished fabric. Getting timely information about the processing performance of new cotton varieties is key.
The pilot plant’s miniature-spinning equipment is being used to process fiber samples in the National Cotton Variety Trials, which is an ARS-led national trial of varieties involving U.S. breeders. Read more about the cotton textile pilot plant upgrades in the October 2014 issue of Agricultural Research magazine.
Smart and sometimes funny cartoon characters in Teen Choice: Food and Fitness videos may help real-life teens eat more veggies, according to an ARS-funded study. Image courtesy of Archimage Inc., Houston, Texas.
Fun, Friendly Website
Helps Teens Eat More Veggies
Videos featuring animated-cartoon teens learning about nutrition may help real-life teens eat more veggies, according to a study by scientists funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
The smart and sometimes funny cartoon teens appear in short videos that are part of the experimental, science-based "Teen Choice: Food and Fitness" website. Nutrition and behavioral science researchers Karen W. Cullen and Deborah J. Thompson of the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Children's Nutrition Research Center in Houston, Texas, and Richard Buday and colleagues at Archimage, Inc., also in Houston, created the site in collaboration with hundreds of 'tween and teen volunteers.
Featured in the October 2014 issue of Agricultural Research magazine, the site was developed to motivate adolescents to make better food choices and to be less sedentary.
The scientists first sought the input of some 100 young volunteers who shared their ideas about how to make the site easy to navigate, informative and relevant.
In follow-up research, 400 teen volunteers were asked to visit the site at least once a week for 8 weeks, peruse its information about food and nutrition, set a nutrition or fitness goal, and check their progress weekly.
The volunteers' log-on rate averaged 75 percent—regarded as "high" for an education-focused Internet site, according to Cullen.
Also, more of the volunteers who had access to the site's interactive features—including the cartoon videos and a blog—reported eating three or more servings of veggies in the past week than did volunteers whose access didn't include these and other interactive options. That's important, because getting kids to eat more veggies is apparently more difficult than getting them to eat more servings of fruit, for instance.
The scientists, who hope to make the website publicly available, documented their research in peer-reviewed articles published in 2012 in the Journal of Medical Internet Research and in 2013 in Health Education Journal.
The Children's Nutrition Research Center is a joint venture of Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital—both in Houston—and ARS, which is USDA's chief intramural scientific research agency.
The studies support the USDA priority of enhancing children's health and nutrition, and were funded by ARS and USDA National Research Initiative grant #2007-55215-17998
Click the image for latest issue.
of Healthy Animals Now Online
The Agricultural Research Service (ARS) today posted a new issue of Healthy Animals. This semi-annual online newsletter is a compilation of ARS news and expert resources on the health and well-being of agricultural livestock, poultry and fish.
Twice a year, one article in Healthy Animals focuses on a particular element of ARS animal research. The current issue features research to help keep rainbow trout healthy by breeding for disease-resistant fish and producing plant-based fish feed ingredients that are high in protein.
Other research highlighted in this issue includes the following:
• ARS scientists discover mosquito taste receptor that is sensitive to insect repellents.
• Study shows that a bacteria-derived protein kills intestinal roundworm larvae in pigs.
• Years of USDA data give insight to how seasonal weather patterns affect cattle production.
• Researchers synthesize the chemical structure of a pheromone used by brown marmorated stink bugs to attract others.
Professionals interested in animal health issues might want to bookmark the site as a resource for locating animal health experts. An index lists ARS research locations covering 70 animal health topics. These range from specific diseases, such as Lyme disease, to broad subjects such as nutrition or parasites.
The site also provides complete contact information for the 25 ARS research groups that conduct studies aimed at protecting and improving farm animal health.
ARS is the principal intramural scientific research agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
ARS postdoctoral researcher Dong Cha (left) and ARS entomologist Peter Landolt have isolated chemicals from wine and vinegar that attract Drosophila flies. Click the image for more information about it.
Fruit Pest's Favorite Aromas
Turned Against It
A blend of odors that attracts spotted wing drosophila flies (SWD) has been developed into a new lure product for improved monitoring and control of these tree-fruit and berry pests.
The blend is a combination of four different chemicals found in the aromas of both wine and vinegar. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) entomologist Peter Landolt and research associate Dong Cha, along with their Oregon Department of Agriculture colleagues, isolated the chemicals and evaluated them extensively in laboratory and field trials.
Based on those findings, Trece, Inc., in Adair, Oklahoma, commercially formulated the compounds into a novel blend and controlled-release lure, which is marketed under the trademark "PHERO-CON SWD," along with a related trap.
According to Landolt, with USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) in Wapato, Washington, farmers and pest managers need improved methods of attracting, monitoring and managing the flies to prevent potential losses of cherries, berries, grapes and other fruit crops. The lure's availability should provide growers with better information to use in making pest-management decisions, such as where, when or whether to spray.
Left unchecked, female SWD flies deposit their eggs beneath the surface of host fruit, where subsequent larval feeding causes it to soften, bruise and wrinkle, notes Landolt, who is in the ARS Fruit and Vegetable Insect Research Unit at Wapato.
Capturing SWD with lures containing wine and vinegar isn't a new approach. But Landolt's group was first to conduct a top-down examination of which chemical constituents in the liquids' aromas attract specifically these flies.
In extensive testing, they showed that ethanol alone was less attractive than wine, and acetic acid alone was less attractive than vinegar. Similarly, combinations of ethanol and acetic acid were also less attractive to the flies than wine-plus-vinegar blends, which suggested that other constituents were at work. Of 20 total Chardonnay wine and rice-vinegar chemicals the researchers evaluated, acetoin and methionol triggered the strongest responses in the flies when combined with acetic acid and ethanol.
ARS is USDA's chief intramural scientific research agency, and this research supports the USDA priority of promoting international food security.
ARS research is helping improve production of ethanol from switchgrass. Click the image for more information about it.
Studies Steadily Advance
Cellulosic Ethanol Prospects
The potential for producing cost-effective cellulosic ethanol that uses plentiful and sustainable cellulosic plant biomass continues to grow, thanks to research at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists at the Bioenergy Research Unit in Peoria, Illinois, have recently completed studies on multiple approaches that could help streamline cellulosic ethanol production. ARS is USDA's chief intramural scientific research agency, and this work supports USDA's priority of finding new sources for producing bioenergy.
In one study, a team led by ARS chemical engineer Bruce Dien looked at using switchgrass, a perennial grass native to the prairie, for ethanol production. The team concluded that biomass producers could optimize cellulosic ethanol production by planting Kanlow variety—a lowland ecotype—and harvesting at either mid-season or post frost. Results from this study were published in Environmental Technology in 2013.
ARS chemist Michael Bowman led another study of switchgrass xylans, which is challenging to convert to sugars with enzymes because of its complex chemical structure. Bowman determined that structural features of xylan remained the same as the plant matures, even though the amount of xylan changed with maturity. This is good news for biorefiners, because it suggests that they can use the same biomass hydrolyzing enzymes to break down xylans in all switchgrass biomass, no matter when the crop is harvested. Results from this study were published in Metabolites in 2012.
ARS molecular biologist Ronald Hector led work on the microorganisms needed to ferment xylose—molecules that make up xylans—into ethanol. Distiller's yeast used by corn ethanol producers does not ferment xylose. An enzyme called D-xylose isomerase, or XI, catalyzes the missing metabolic step for fermentation of xylose to ethanol. Hector's team isolated four novel XI genes encoding the enzyme from rumen and intestinal bacteria and expressed them in distiller's type yeast strains, conferring the ability for them to ferment xylose.
Then the scientists took the most promising yeast strain from this first round of trials and improved its growth and fermenting capacities through further adaptations. The result was a yeast strain that grew almost four times faster than other strains that contained XI enzymes and one that could produce ethanol at significantly greater yields than other yeasts engineered to ferment xylose to ethanol. The scientists published their findings in Biotechnology for Biofuels in 2013.
Latest Update of USDA National Nutrient Database
for Standard Reference Released
The 2014 update of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 27, has been launched. Containing data for more than 8,600 food items, the database is compiled by scientists at USDA's Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center (BHNRC) in Beltsville, Maryland.
Each year, new food-nutrient profiles are added to the database, and existing nutrient profiles are updated using data generated by USDA-ARS through its National Food and Nutrient Analysis Program and collaborations with the food industry and with others.
The Internet "dashboard" that users see after launching the online version of the database has been reorganized so that users can more easily select and view food-nutrient profiles from individual food groups. Another new consumer-oriented upgrade allows users to look up the amount of a specific nutrient within any one of the database's food items. For example, a person whose doctor recommends more dietary fiber might sort all foods by fiber content from highest to lowest. A consumer who wants to increase calcium intake might sort by calcium content of foods.
To use the new feature, click on "Start your search here" at ndb.nal.usda.gov. Next, select "Nutrients List" from the menu options at the top. Click "Select nutrient" in the "First Nutrient" box to see a drop-down list of more than 100 nutrients such as protein, calcium, carbohydrate, cholesterol, fats, caffeine and vitamin K. A second and third nutrient also can be selected. Then choose to search either "All Foods" or the "Abridged List," which includes about 1,000 commonly eaten foods in the United States. Next, for the "Food Groups" selection, click on "All Food Groups" or one of the 25 food groups available. Decide whether to sort by "Food Name" or "Nutrient Content" in the next box. Then choose between "Household" and "100 grams" in the "Measure by" box and hit "Go."
The database is managed by scientists at the ARS Nutrient Data Laboratory. ARS is USDA's chief intramural scientific research agency.
An ARS scientist and his colleagues are studying how storage temperatures and times affect the flavor of mandarin oranges.
Protecting the Flavor
of Mandarin Oranges
Sweet, juicy mandarin oranges get their pleasing flavor from a complex blend of natural chemicals. In ongoing experiments, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientist David M. Obenland and co-investigator Mary Lu Arpaia, with the University of California Riverside, are taking a close look at how storage temperatures and the amount of time in storage at packinghouses affect the flavor of these small, colorful oranges.
Their research is among the most extensive of its kind for this specialty fruit. To date, their tests have involved working with the peeled fruit or juice of more than 19,000 fresh mandarin oranges that were harvested from at least a half dozen research and commercial orchards in California. That state produces the bulk of the nation's harvest of tangerines, clementines, and other kinds of mandarins.
Most of that fruit probably spends at least some time in cold storage, followed by a period of warmer storage, according to Obenland, who is with Agricultural Research Service’s (ARS) San Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences Center in Parlier, California. ARS is USDA’s chief intramural scientific research agency.
His research with Arpaia addresses each phase separately, an approach that apparently has made the studies unique among most other published mandarin flavor investigations.
One of their experiments has shown that cold storage temperatures influence the flavor of the classic W. Murcott Afourer oranges, often referred to simply as W. Murcott mandarins, but not the flavor of the Owari variety.
In other work, the researchers found that significant changes in several flavor-associated chemicals occurred soon after W. Murcott mandarins were brought out of cold storage. In brief, significant increases in three chemicals (ethyl acetate, ethyl propanoate and ethyl 2-methylpropanoate) that belong to a class known as ethyl esters occurred within the first 24 hours after the mandarins were moved from 41-degree Fahrenheit storage into 68-degree Fahrenheit storage. Significant increases in a fourth ethyl ester, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, took place a day later.
All four ethyl esters are thought to contribute to a sweet, fruity aroma, which may have a role in what is perceived as flavor. However, it has been suggested that high levels of these four compounds may contribute to off-flavor. The team's ongoing studies might help pinpoint optimal levels of the four chemicals.
Read more about this research in the October 2014 issue of Agricultural Research magazine.
Obenland, Arpaia, ARS statistician Bruce Mackey at Albany, California, and Arpaia’s University of California colleagues Sue Collin and James Sievert published these findings in the journal Postharvest Biology and Technology in 2011 and 2013.
Financial support for the research has come from the California Citrus Research Board, a grant from the U.S. Israel Binational Research and Development Fund, and ARS.
ARS scientists are field testing a new disease-resistant rainbow trout. Photo courtesy of U.S. Geological Survey, Bugwood.org.
Detecting and Preventing Disease
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists are taking their studies to the field to gauge the survival rate of a new line of rainbow trout that is resistant to bacterial cold-water disease.
The disease often kills young, smaller cold-water fish species and impairs growth and yield in larger, older fish. In addition to developing a disease-resistant trout line, researchers at the Agricultural Research Service's (ARS) National Center for Cool and Cold Water Aquaculture (NCCCWA) in Leetown, West Virginia, created a susceptible line and a control line to use in studies.
Molecular biologist Greg Wiens and geneticist Timothy Leeds at NCCCWA recently evaluated the three trout lines in field trials. Partnering with the aquaculture industry and government stakeholders, they measured performance of trout under farm conditions before and after natural exposure to the pathogen Flavobacterium psychrophilum, which causes bacterial cold-water disease. The rate of survival for the disease-resistant line was higher, and fewer disease-resistant fish harbored the pathogen in their internal tissues compared with the control and susceptible fish.
A highly sensitive real-time polymerase chain (PCR) reaction test, developed by Wiens and postdoctoral fellow David Marancik, was used to confirm that the resistant trout line did not harbor any detectable pathogen. The PCR recognizes a unique gene sequence found only in pathogen and accurately measures small amounts of it in fish tissue.
In other studies, scientists identified a genetic link between a physical trait—spleen size—and specific disease resistance in fish. Wiens and research geneticist Yniv Palti found common genetic regions in trout that influence both spleen size and disease resistance, and they are conducting further research to identify the genes that are responsible.
Read more about this research in the October issue of Agricultural Research magazine.
ARS is USDA's chief intramural scientific research agency, and this research supports the USDA priority of promoting international food security.